There are four type:
- DEVELOPMENT & PRE- PRODUCTION
- POST- PRODUCTION
DEVELOPMENT & PRE- PRODUCTIONIn pre-production, every step of actually creating the film is carefully designed and planned. The film is pre-visualized by the director, and may be storyboarded with the help of illustrators and concept artists. The producer hires a crew. The nature of the film, and the budget, determine the size and type of crew used during filmmaking.
These are typical crew positions:
Storyboard artist : creates visual images to help the director and production designer communicate their ideas to the production team.
Director: is primarily responsible for the storytelling, creative decisions and acting of the film.
Assistant director (AD): manages the shooting schedule and logistics of the production, among other tasks. There are several types of AD, each with different responsibilities.
Unit production manager : manages the production budget and production schedule. They also report, on behalf of the production office, to the studio executives or financiers of the film.
Location manager : finds and manages film locations. Nearly all pictures feature segments that are shot in the controllable environment of a studio sound stage, while outdoor sequences call for filming on location
Production designer : creates the visual conception of the film, working with the art director.
Art director : manages the art department, which makes production sets.
Costume designer : creates the clothing for the characters in the film working closely with the actors, as well as other departments.
Make up and hair designer : works closely with the costume designer in addition to create a certain look for a character.
Casting director : finds actors to fill the parts in the script. This normally requires that actors audition.
Director of photography (DP) : is the cinematographer who supervises the photography of the entire film.
Production sound mixer : is the head of the sound department during the production stage of filmmaking. They record and mix the audio on set - dialogue,presence and sound effects in mono and ambience in stereo. They work with the Boom Operator, Director, DA, DP, and First AD.
Sound designer: : creates the aural conception of the film, working with the supervising sound editor. On Bollywood-style Indian productions the sound designer plays the role of a director of audio-graphy.
Composer : creates new music for the film. (usually not until post-production)
The raw elements for the film are recorded during the film shoot. In production, the video production/film is created and shot. More crew will be recruited at this stage, such as the property master, script supervisor, assistant directors, stills photographer, picture editor, and sound editors.
Here the video/film is assembled by the video/film editor. The shot film material is edited. The production sound (dialogue) is also edited; music tracks and songs are composed and recorded if a film is sought to have a score; sound effects are designed and recorded. Any computer-graphic visual effects are digitally added. Finally, all sound elements are mixed into "stems", which are then married to picture, and the film is fully completed.
This is the final stage, where the film is released to cinemas or, occasionally, directly to consumer media (DVD, VCD, VHS, Blu-ray) or direct download from a digital media provider. The film is duplicated as required (either onto film or hard disk drives) and distributed to cinemas for exhibition (screening).